With just two days left to celebrate Independence Day, here is a list of five events that happened on August 13, 1947
Bengaluru: With just two days left for Independence Day, the nation is gearing up for celebrations. Interested in knowing what happened on August 13 in 1947?
Here are five important events that unfolded on this day that year.
1) The train journey begins
With just two days left for India to be announced an independent country along with the partition of Pakistan, Muslim women were made to board trains at New Delhi in India that would drop them in Pakistan that was to be announced as an independent nation on August 14.
2) India-Soviet Union bhai bhai
On August 13 in 1947, India held talks with Soviet Union counterparts and decided to establish friendly relations with the Soviet Union. However, it took some years before the decision was made into a reality, when in 1955 then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru visited the Soviet Union in June and that was followed by first secretary of the Communist Party Nikita Khrushchev's visiting India later in the same year.
3) Tripura becomes a part of India
Tripura that was under princely rule had not decided on joining India. But on August 13, 1947, Tripura's queen Maharani Kanchanprava Devi signed the agreement and joined the Indian Union. Though the initiative was taken in 1947, it acceded to the Indian Union on 15 October, 1949 as a "C" category state. It became a union territory in 1956 and it was accorded the statehood only in 1972.
4) Hyderabad refusing to join India
On August 13 in 1947, then Sardar Patel requested Osman Ali Khan Asaf Jah VII, the last Nizam of the princely state of Hyderabad to join India. But the Nizam opposed and instead declared Hyderabad as an independent state on August 15, 1947. In 1948, Operation Polo that was also called as Operation Caterpillar was launched and Hyderabad, after a war that was held between September 13 and 18 in 1948, Hyderabad joined the Indian Union.
5) Riot kills 200 in Lahore
The riot that had started on August 12, following the news of partition and people crossing borders, continued on August 13 too. There was arson attack, looting and killing that led to death of over 200 people in Lahore alone.
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Last Updated Aug 13, 2019, 5:22 PM IST