With the new criminal code, Bharatiya Nyay Sanhita coming into force from today onwards, the first case has already been filed by the Delhi police against a street vendor for blocking a road in the premises of New Delhi railway station. The vendor has been charged under Section 285 of the new criminal that states, "Whoever, by doing any act, or by omitting to take order with any property in his possession or under his charge, causes danger, obstruction or injury to any person in any public way or public line of navigation, shall be punished with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees."

The incident occurred when a police officer on patrol duty spotted a street vendor last night hindering the road with his street cart to sell water bottles and tobacco. He was warned multiple times to move his cart but he did not comply, after which the police took strict action and filed the FIR.

As per NDTV's report, the FIR says "The man was selling water, bidi, and cigarettes on the street and the obstruction was causing difficulty for the public. The sub-inspector asked the man several times to remove the stall from the road, but he did not comply. The sub-inspector asked several passers-by to join the probe, but they refused. Then the sub-inspector shot a video using the e-praman application."

The new criminal codes, Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, and the Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, have become effective from today onwards. The new laws are created to replace the colonial-era Indian Penal Code, Indian Evidence Act, and the Code of Criminal Procedure to provide speedy and fair justice to new types of crimes. Under this, the judgment is needed within 45 days of trial completion and the court must decide charges against the defendant within 60 days of the first hearing.