Bengaluru: Former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was born on November 19, 1917 in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. She is the daughter of India's first PM Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Kamala Nehru. 

Indira Gandhi served as the Prime Minister for three terms - a period totaling almost 16 years, going on to become the second longest-serving PM after her father. 

During her tenure as Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi took many decisions which changed the course of India's history. 

Indira Gandhi's reign was however cut short after she was assassinated by her own bodyguards at her residence in Delhi's Akbar Road on October 31, 1984.

The assassination was planned after Indira Gandhi took the decision to commence Operation Bluestar, which led the Indian Army to storm Amritsar's Golden Temple, a holy Sikh shrine, in order to neutralize Sikh separatists who had sought refuge there.

On her birth anniversary, many leaders took to social media to pay tributes, including PM Modi.